Historical Timeline Charts – Mapping History
“This thing all things devours:
Birds, beasts, trees, flowers;
Gnaws iron, bites steel;
Grinds hard stone to meal;
Slays king, ruins town,
And beats high mountain down.”
The answer to Gollum’s riddle is, of course: Time
46 Thus it is engraven and ordained on the heavenly tables. And there is no neglecting (this commandment) for a single -year or from year to year.
47 And command thou the children of Israel that they observe the years according to this reckoning-three hundred and sixty-four days,
48 and (these) will constitute a complete year, and they will not disturb its time from its days and from its feasts;
49 for everything will fall out in them according to their testimony, and they will not leave out any day nor disturb any feasts.
50 But if they do neglect and do not observe them according to His commandment, then they will disturb all their seasons, and the years will be dislodged from this (order),
51 [and they will disturb the seasons and the years will be dislodged] and they will neglect their ordinances.
52 And all the children of Israel will forget, and will not find the path of the years, and will forget the new moons, and seasons, and sabbaths, and they will go wrong as to all the order of the years.
53 For I know and from henceforth shall I declare it unto thee, and it is not of my own devising; for the book (lieth) written before me, and on the heavenly tables the division of days is ordained,
54 lest they forget the feasts of the covenant and walk according to the feasts of the Gentiles after their error and after their ignorance.
55 For there will be those who will assuredly make observations of the moon–now (it) disturbeth the seasons and cometh in from year to year ten days too soon.
56 For this reason the years will come upon them when they will disturb (the order), and make an abominable (day) the day of testimony, and an unclean day a feast day,
57 and they will confound all the days, the holy with the unclean, and the unclean day with the holy; for they will go wrong as to the months and sabbaths and feasts and jubilees.
58 For this reason I command and testify to thee that thou mayest testify to them;
59 for after thy death thy children will disturb (them), so that they will not make the year three hundred and sixty-four days only,
60 and for this reason they will go wrong as to the new moons and seasons and sabbaths and festivals, and they will eat all kinds of blood with all kinds of flesh.
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The Fullness of Time
The Timeline between Adam and Jesus
Although we do not have an exact figure we can calculate this pretty closely.
Sir Isaac Newton and Bishop Ussher gave almost identical dates for the creation at 4004 BC (Ussher) and 4000 BC (Newton). Newton being one of the greatest if not the greatest scientist of all time and Ussher being a highly regarded scholar of his day, both men had access to accounts and histories no longer even available today.
Jesus’ birth is generally figured to be 4 to 6 BC not 1 AD. The Lord’s death by crucifixion is dated between 30 and 33 AD, again based on best records and estimates that we have.
The Bible gives us dates to work with starting in Genesis chapters 5 & 11. “Adam lived an hundred and thirty years, and begat a son in his own likeness, after his image; and called his name Seth” (Genesis 5:3). Chapter 5 ends with Noah who, at five hundred years of age, “begat Shem, Ham and Japheth.” You will notice that these ages are “round numbers,” that is between Adam and Seth, there could have been 130 years, and 2 months, 3 days, etc. So, is the Bible recording it as exactly 130 years means it could have been even 131 years or 128 years, rounded to 130 years. The Bible does not give us any more detail re: these numbers, but using the laws of math, 130 years could mean anywhere from 126 to 134 years, rounded to 130 years. At least that was what I was taught in math class.
But throwing in Genesis 11, you get the “round” number of 1656 years from Adam to the birth of Abram (Abraham). Further studies of ancient records place Abraham around 2100 to 2000 BC and Moses about 1440 BC, David 1000 BC, etc. Note that the Septuagint (a Greek translation of the Old Testament done about 300 BC) adds several hundred years (1300 years to be exact) to the record, and we just do not know whether that was mistranslation or a deliberate attempt to falsify the ancient Hebrew text. Suffice it to say that through ancient records and the Bible text alone, you come to about 4000 years between Adam’s creation and the birth of Christ. Since we now stand at 2016 AD, Bible records indicate a total of roughly 6000 years from creation to the present.
Darwinian evolutionists of course, decry such a young creation and claim billions of years from the creation of the universe to the present; obviously either the Bible records are faulty or the theory of evolution is simply false. Some Christians try to force in additional time with various schemes, theories to reconcile the “science so-called” that is evolution, and a “big bang” with the Bible. There are many reasons why those attempts fail. There was no death until Adam’s sin about 6000 years ago, so how then do we account for the fossil record, little local floods over millions and billions of years, or one global flood as described in the Bible about 4500 years ago?! Peter tells us “whereby the world that then was, being overflowed with water, perished” (2 Peter 3:6). Peter is of course speaking of the global flood in the days of Noah.
One needs to only examine historical records to know that we have pretty complete records for civilizations that existed down to the village and town (tribe) level up to 6 or 7 thousand years ago, and none earlier than that. Who wrote the history of 120,000 BC for example? Obviously, no one. Yet according to one scheme of man’s history, homonids no different than modern man existed up to 2 or 3 million years ago, and these “men and women” not physically different from us were not able to start recording history until 6 thousand years ago. Or could it be that history started 6 thousand years ago because that is when God created the universe and Adam and Eve? I leave that to your scholarship and wisdom to decide. Since Adam was created “very good,” I doubt he lacked in intelligence or ingenuity, and he lived much longer than any of us do today; so, he had plenty of time to figure out a written code. Even the native American Indians, who supposedly did not write, used colored beads (wampum) to record their histories, a method of code no longer available today, long lost.
But even before Abraham was born, Jesus was alive and well being one with God, the Father and the Holy Spirit. He was born as a human, Son of Man, about two thousand years ago, but He is coming back soon!
(Archivist’s Note to Reader: This is unlikely to be exactly accurate, but I found it to be a useful starting place, likely close, and with interesting context for us to begin this particular journey into Chronology, the most difficult of Gods many creations to understand….
Daniel’s World Empires Foretold – See More Here
Ages of Empires – Click to Enlarge
Nephilim on Earth – Click to Enlarge
Timeline of Christianity – Click Here
“The Names of the Kings who have Reigned in the World from the Flood until Now
The Median Kings Who Reigned In Babylon
Darius the son of Vashtasp (Hystaspes) reigned 24 years.
Ahshîresh (Xerxes) his son, 20 years.
Artahshisht the long-hand (Artaxerxes Longimanus), 41 years.
Daryâwash (Darius) the son of the concubine, 20 years.
Artahshisht (Artaxerxes) the ruler, 30 years.
Arses the son of Ochus, 4 years.
Daryâwash (Darius) the son of Ârsham (Arsanes), 6 years.
The Years Of The Egyptian Kings
Alexander the son of Philip, 12 years. Ptolemy the son of Lagôs, 40 years. Ptolemy Philadelphus, 38 years. In his third year the fifth millennium ended. This (king) asked the captive Jews who were in Egypt, and seventy old men translated the Scriptures for him, from Hebrew into Greek, in the island of Pharos. In return for this he set them free, and gave back to them also the vessels of their temple. Their names are these. Josephus, Hezekiah, Zechariah, John, Ezekiel, Elisha; these were of the tribe of Reuben. Judah, Simon, Samuel, Addai, Mattathias, Shalmî; these were of the tribe of Simeon. Nehemiah, Joseph, Theodosius, Bâsâ, Adonijah, Dâkî; these were of the tribe of Levi. Jothan, Abdî, Elisha, Ananias, Zechariah, Hilkiah; these were of the tribe of Judah. Isaac, Jacob, Jesus, Sambât (Sabbateus), Simon, Levi; these were of the tribe of Issachar. Judah, Joseph, Simon, Zechariah, Samuel, Shamlî; these were of the tribe of Zebulon. Sambât (Sabbateus), Zedekiah, Jacob, Isaac, Jesse, Matthias; these were of the tribe of Gad. Theodosius, Jason, Joshua, John, Theodotus, Jothan; these were of the tribe of Asher.
Abraham, Theophilus, Arsam, Jason, Jeremiah, Daniel; these were of the tribe of Dan.
Jeremiah, Eliezer, Zechariah, Benaiah, Elisha, Dathî; these were of the tribe of Naphtali.
Samuel, Josephus, Judah, Jonathan, Dositheus, Caleb; these were of the tribe of Joseph.
Isalus, John, Theodosius, Arsam, Abijah, Ezekiel; these were of the tribe of Benjamin.
After Ptolemy Philadelphus arose Ptolemy Euergetes; (he reigned) 26 years.
Ptolemy Philopator, 17 years.
Ptolemy Epiphanes, 24 years.
Ptolemy Philometor, 35 years. The time of the Maccabees extended to this (reign), and in it the old Covenant came to an end.
Ptolemy Soter, 17 years.
Ptolemy Alexander, 18 years.
Ptolemy Dionysius, 30 years.
The Years Of The Roman Emperors Gaius Julius, 4 years.
Augustus, 57 years. In the forty-third year of his reign our Lord Christ was born.
Tiberius, 23 years. In the fifteenth year of his reign our Lord was baptised; and in the seventeenth year He suffered, died, rose again, and ascended to heaven.
Gaius (Caligula), 4 years.
Claudius, 14 years.
Nero, 14 years.
Vespasian, 10 years. Immediately after he came to the throne, he sent his son Titus against Jerusalem, and he besieged it for two years, until he uprooted it and destroyed it.
Titus, 2 years.
Domitian, 15 years.
Trajan, 20 years. John, the son of Zebedee, lived until the seventh year of his reign.
Hadrian, 20 years.
Antoninus, 20 years.
Verus, 20 years.
Commodus, 14 years.
Severus, 20 years.
The house of Antoninus.
Alexander the son of Mammaea, 13 years.
Maximinius and Gordianus, 9 years.
Philip and Gallus, 10 years.
Valerianus and Gallius (Gallienus), 15 years.
Claudius and Tacitus, 16 years.
Diocletian and those that were with him, 20 years.
Constantine, 33 years.
THE KINGS OF THE PERSIANS FROM SHÂBÔR (SAPOR) THE SON OF HORMIZD
In the fourth year of Constantine Caesar the Victorious, Shâbôr reigned in Persia 70 years.
Ardashîr his brother, 20 years.
Vahrân (Bahrâm) and Shâbôr, the sons of Ardashîr, 20 years.
Yazdagerd, the son of Shâbôr, 20 years.
Vahrân (Bahrâm), the son of Yazdagerd, 20 years.
Pêrôz, the son of Yazdagerd, 27 years.
Balâsh, the son of Pêrôz, 4 years.
Kawâd, the son of Pêrôz, 41 years.
Chosrau, the son of Kawâd, 47 years.
Hormizd, the son of Chosrau, 12 years.
From Shâbôr to this fifteenth year of Chosrau the son of Hormizd, in which he destroyed Dârâ, is three hundred and six years. The sum of all the years from Adam to this fifteenth year of Chosrau the conqueror, which is the nine hundred and sixteenth year of the Greeks, is 5861 years. From Adam to the Crucifixion is 5280 years. The whole of the Jewish economy therefore, from the time they went out of Egypt until Jerusalem was destroyed by Titus, was 1601 years. From Abraham to this year is 2031 years.
Of The Years That Have Passed Away From The World From Adam to the Flood was 2262 years. From the Flood to Abraham was 1015 years. From Abraham to the Exodus of the people from Egypt was 430 years. From the Exodus of the people by the hand of Moses to Solomon and the building of the Temple was 400 years. From Solomon to the first Captivity, which Nebuchadnezzar led away captive, was 495 years. From the first Captivity to the prophesying of Daniel was 180 years.
From the prophesying of Daniel to the Birth of our Lord was 483 years. All these years make 5345 years. From Alexander to our Lord was 303 years. From our Lord to Constantine was 341 years. In the year 438 of Alexander the Macedonian, the kingdom of the Persians had its beginning. Know, O my brother readers, that from the beginning of the creation of Adam to Alexander was 5180 years.”
~Book of the Bee, Ch. LII
From Adam to the Flood was 2262
From the Flood to Abraham was 1015 ”
From Abraham to the Exodus from Egypt was 430 ”
From the Exodus to Solomon and the building of the Temple was 400 ”
From Solomon to the First Captivity, which Nebuchadnezzar led away captive 495 ”
From the First Captivity to the prophesying of Daniel was 180 ”
From the prophesying of Daniel to the Birth of our Lord was 483 ”
All these make 5345 years (sic).
From Alexander to our Lord was 303 years.
From our Lord to Constantine was 341 ”
In the year 438 of Alexander, the Macedonian, the kingdom of the Persians had its beginning.
[For 438 read 538, as the Sasanian dynasty was founded by Ardashîr I in A.D. 226.]
Know, O my brother readers, that from the beginning of the creation of Adam to Alexander was 5180 years.
God’s 7,000-Year Calendar
A thousand years is as a day to Him, and it’s close to midnight on Day Six
In the Bible, the number seven is clearly important to God.
In Genesis 1, He takes seven days to create the world.
In Leviticus 25, God tells the Hebrew people to mark every seventh year as a Sabbath year. During the Sabbath year, they are to let the land rest and plant nothing. (After seven Sabbath years, they are to commemorate with the Year of Jubilee.)
In Joshua 3, when Joshua and the Israelites miraculously cross the Jordan into the Promised Land, God promises to drive out seven specific nations: the Canaanites, Hittites, Hivites, Perizzites, Girgashites, Amorites and Jebusites.
In Daniel 9, God says the Antichrist will execute a seven-year covenant with Israel.
The number seven is also prominent in the Book of Revelation, which was written to seven churches and features seven lampstands, seven angels, seven seals, seven trumpets, seven thunders and seven stars.
For centuries, Jewish scholars have taught that God counts time in sevens. According to them, the seven days in Genesis 1 correspond to 7,000 years of human history. Remember, 2 Peter 3:8 says a thousand years are like a day to the Lord.
That’s why I believe the seven days of Creation prophetically parallel each of the seven millennia of human history. Consider this timeline:
Day One: Light Separates from Darkness
3 Then God said, “Let there be light”; and there was light. 4 And God saw the light, that it was good; and God divided the light from the darkness. 5 God called the light Day, and the darkness He called Night. So the evening and the morning were the first day.—Genesis 1:3-5
On the first day of Creation, God separates light from darkness. Then the sins of the first humans, Adam and Eve, separate them from the God of light. Light and darkness separate physically and then spiritually.
This separation was the most significant event in the first thousand years of human history.
Day Two: The Waters Above and Below Separate
6 Then God said, “Let there be a firmament in the midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters.” 7 Thus God made the firmament, and divided the waters which were under the firmament from the waters which were above the firmament; and it was so. 8 And God called the firmament Heaven. So the evening and the morning were the second day.
9 Then God said, “Let the waters under the heavens be gathered together into one place, and let the dry land appear”; and it was so. 10 And God called the dry land Earth, and the gathering together of the waters He called Seas. And God saw that it was good.—Genesis 1:6-10
On the second day, God separates the waters above from the waters below. In the second human millennium, God accessed these waters above and below as a judgment in the Flood. God brought the waters together, flooded the earth, and then separated them again, just like on the second day of the Creation.
Day Three: Seed-Bearing Plants Fill the Earth with Life
11 Then God said, “Let the earth bring forth grass, the herb that yields seed, and the fruit tree that yields fruit according to its kind, whose seed is in itself, on the earth”; and it was so. 12 And the earth brought forth grass, the herb that yields seed according to its kind, and the tree that yields fruit, whose seed is in itself according to its kind. And God saw that it was good. 13 So the evening and the morning were the third day.—Genesis 1:11-13
On the third day, God creates plants with seeds. For the first time, the earth has life. In the third millennium of human history, the Lord made a lasting promise to Abraham that through his seed, all the nations of the earth would be blessed.
Day Four: Lights Fill the Sky
14 Then God said, “Let there be lights in the firmament of the heavens to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs and seasons, and for days and years; 15 and let them be for lights in the firmament of the heavens to give light on the earth”; and it was so. 16 Then God made two great lights: the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night. He made the stars also. 17 God set them in the firmament of the heavens to give light on the earth, 18 and to rule over the day and over the night, and to divide the light from the darkness. And God saw that it was good. 19 So the evening and the morning were the fourth day.—Genesis 1:14-19
On the fourth day, God makes lights to fill the sky: the sun, moon, and stars. In the fourth millennium, God raised up prophets to give light to Israel. Then God sent His Son Jesus as the Great Light, the Light of the World.
Day Five: God Creates Living Animals
20 Then God said, “Let the waters abound with an abundance of living creatures, and let birds fly above the earth across the face of the firmament of the heavens.” 21 So God created great sea creatures and every living thing that moves, with which the waters abounded, according to their kind, and every winged bird according to its kind. And God saw that it was good. 22 And God blessed them, saying, “Be fruitful and multiply, and fill the waters in the seas, and let birds multiply on the earth.” 23 So the evening and the morning were the fifth day.—Genesis 1:20-23
On the fifth day, God creates the first living creatures. In the fifth millennium of human history, God raised up new creatures—a new generation of people—who would inherit eternal life because of Christ’s life, death, and resurrection.
Day Six: God Creates Humans as the Crown of His Creation
26 Then God said, “Let Us make man in Our image, according to Our likeness; let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, over the birds of the air, and over the cattle, over all the earth and over every creeping thing that creeps on the earth.” 27 So God created man in His own image; in the image of God He created him; male and female He created them. 28 Then God blessed them, and God said to them, “Be fruitful and multiply; fill the earth and subdue it; have dominion over the fish of the sea, over the birds of the air, and over every living thing that moves on the earth.”—Genesis 1:26-28
On the sixth day, God creates man and woman. He tells them to fill the earth and subdue it.
The sixth millennium is the one in which we are living today. God has empowered the Church to grow and take authority in the world, just as He did for Adam and Eve. Like the first humans, the Church has failed in God’s commands. But by the Holy Spirit, He continues to empower us to accomplish what He originally called us to do.
Day Seven: God Rests
Thus the heavens and the earth, and all the host of them, were finished. 2 And on the seventh day God ended His work which He had done, and He rested on the seventh day from all His work which He had done. 3 Then God blessed the seventh day and sanctified it, because in it He rested from all His work which God had created and made.—Genesis 2:1-3
After God created everything, He rested on the seventh day. We have not yet reached this “Day of Rest,” but it is near. In the coming seventh millennium, God will restore the earth, and all humanity will rest with Jesus as our ruler for the next thousand years.
The apostle John describes this thousand-year reign of Christ in Revelation 20:1-7. It assures us of the certainty of the last thousand years of human history as the millennial rule of Jesus Christ.
Close to Midnight on Day Six
We are living at the end of “Day Six,” during the time before the Rapture and the Tribulation—a seven-year period which will be the most severe time in history on earth, and a time during which believers will experience a wedding with Jesus in heaven.
It’s not lost on me that a traditional Jewish wedding lasts seven days. At the end of this seven-year Marriage Supper of the Lamb, Jesus will return again. We, as His Bride, will return with Him. He will slay the Antichrist and throw Satan into a bottomless pit. Then Jesus will establish His millennial kingdom on earth.
In the very beginning, by creating everything within seven days, God was effectively saying, “I am allotting 7,000 years for humanity.” During the first 6,000 years, humans will have an opportunity to manage the earth. Then Christ will reign on earth for a thousand years.
That thousand-year period is the “seventh day”—the day God rests. And it will be as a day to Him, just as Peter wrote.
This 7,000-year calendar has been present since the very beginning. With the Lord, one day is as a thousand years and a thousand years is as one day. God isn’t stalling or delaying needlessly. He is just giving every living person an opportunity to repent and believe, and following His perfectly timed plan.
Rough Bible Timeline
In 4th Esdras said the time line of world is divided in 12 cycles. In the prophet’s time, YHVH told him 9 & 1/2 have passed, 400 BC.
EZRA -4- ESDRAS 14:11 For the age of the world is divided into twelve parts, and nine parts of it have already passed, and half of the tenth part:
EZRA -4- ESDRAS 14:12 So that two of its parts remain, that which is after 1/2 part the 10th.
Some Useful Dividing Lines
In light of what we’ve established, we can start to divide things up into periods of time. Some periods have pretty clear events that bookend them; some are a bit more speculative; and one flows right into another. All to say, here’s a thumbnail sketch of my proposed major periods of time and events as they are linked to chapters in Genesis.
Creation Week – Genesis 1-2 (~5500 BC) – The first six days when God created everything in the universe from molecules to man to mountains, then rested on the seventh day.
Life in the Garden – An unspecified period of time when Adam and Eve were happily married and working as gardeners. Was it a few days, a few weeks, a few years? No one knows.
The Fall – Genesis 3 – Although only part of one day, this was a major event that somehow affected the spiritual, material, and living structures of the entire universe, with specific consequences on Earth.
The Era Before the Flood – Genesis 4-6 (~5500 BC to ~3300 BC) – A long period that is sadly underreported in Genesis. It begins with Adam and Eve leaving the garden, then continues for 2200 years to the day when Noah entered the Ark. The science of paleontology (fossils) is one of the best windows into this fascinating era.
Year of the Flood – Genesis 6-8 (~3300 BC) – Although there are a few ways of calculating how long the Flood lasted, it would appear that it was approximately a year. The sciences of geology (rocks) and paleontology provide insight into this world-destroying catastrophe.
The Era After the Flood – Genesis 9-10 (~3300 BC to ~2500 BC) – This period begins with Noah, his family, and the animals leaving the Ark and emerging into a post-apocalyptic wasteland. It continues with the dispersion of Noah’s descendants and the animals from the Ararat region as they spread throughout the earth. This period includes an incredible number of huge natural disasters and catastrophes, including the devastation of the Ice Age.
The Rise of Babel and the Great Cities – Genesis 11 (~2850 BC to 2091 BC) – This period merges with the former; no exact dividing line can be drawn from a scientific perspective. Culturally, however, we see Babel founded, a rapid growth in technology, and the sudden appearance of new languages. It ends, rather arbitrarily, with God’s call of Abram to leave Haran and travel to Canaan.
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